Fiber Internet to the Home

The Benefits of Fiber To The Home

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More than 10 million homes worldwide

already have fiber-to-the-home broadband connections because the technology holds many advantages over current technologies. A key benefit to FTTH — also called FTTP, for “fiber-to-the-premises” broadband — is that it provides for far faster connection speeds and carrying capacity than twisted pair conductors, DSL or coaxial cable. For example, a single copper pair conductor can carry six phone calls. A single fiber pair can carry more than 2.5 million phone calls simultaneously.

[source: Federal Communications Commission]

Experts at the FTTH Council say fiber-to-the-home connections

are the only technology with enough bandwidth to handle projected consumer demands during the next decade reliably and cost effectively. The technology is already, affordable, as businesses around the world are demonstrating by getting into the business as they speculate on consumer demand. Fiber has a virtually unlimited bandwidth coupled with a long reach, making it “future safe,” or a standard medium that will be in place for a long time to come.

[source: ICT Regulation Toolkit]

DSL vs Cable Vs Fiber Overview

Fiber internet connections deliver faster download and upload speeds than DSL and cable, usually 250–1000 Mbps. Cable and DSL deliver download speeds in the 25–500 Mbps range. However, cable and DSL upload speeds are normally much lower, in the 5–30 Mbps range. Fiber may be priced a bit higher, but the service is more reliable. The primary difference between cable and DSL is that cable uses newer “coaxial” lines, which can carry more bandwidth. DSL uses older telephone lines. DSL speeds usually cap out around 25–100 Mbps, which is about half the normal speed range for cable internet.

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What Is Optical Fiber Technology?

Fiber optics, or optical fibers, are long, thin strands of carefully drawn glass about the diameter of a human hair. These strands are arranged in bundles called optical cables. We rely on them to transmit light signals over long distances. At the transmitting source, the light signals are encoded with data… the same data you see on the screen of a computer. So, the optical fiber transmits “data” by light to a receiving end, where the light signal is decoded as data. Therefore, fiber optics is actually a transmission medium – a “pipe” to carry signals over long distances at very high speeds. Fiber optic cables were originally developed in the 1950’s for endoscopes. The purpose was to help doctors view the inside of a human patient without major surgery. In the 1960’s, telephone engineers found a way to use the same technology to transmit and receive telephone calls at the “speed of light”. That is about 186,000 miles per second in a vacuum but slows to about two-thirds of this speed in a cable.

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